Off-Highway Vehicle recreation contributes $4.25 billion annually to Arizona's economy. More than half of this amount, $2.2 billion, comes through direct expenditures for motorized vehicles, tow trailers, related equipment, accessories and insurance and maintenance costs. An additional $842.3 million comes from recreational trip expenditures for food, gasoline, lodging and other items.
Reports prepared by the Arizona Hospitality Research & Resource Center School of Hotel & Restaurant Management, Northern Arizona University, 2002 and Arizona State Parks, 2003.
Arizona Report ( 900 KB PDF)
Economic Importance of OHV Recreation to Arizona Counties:
Apache County ( 116 KB PDF)
Cochise County ( 116 KB PDF)
Coconino County ( 116 KB PDF)
Gila County ( 117 KB PDF)
Graham County ( 117 KB PDF)
Greenlee County ( 115 KB PDF)
LaPaz County ( 116 KB PDF)
Maricopa County ( 117 KB PDF)
Mohave County ( 117 KB PDF)
Navajo County ( 116 KB PDF)
Pima County ( 116 KB PDF)
Pinal County ( 116 KB PDF)
Santa Cruz County ( 117 KB PDF)
Yavapai County ( 116 KB PDF)
Yuma County ( 116 KB PDF)
This planning document details the results of extensive surveys of Arizonans’ thoughts, preferences and priorities regarding trails and OHV routes. Throughout the year 2008, staff at Arizona State Parks and faculty at Arizona State University partnered to solicit information from more than 5,500 Arizonans about what types of motorized or non-motorized trails they use, how often they use trails, what they like or don’t like about trails, and what trail managers should focus their time and dollars on to make the trail experience better. The questions were asked via telephone, online (Internet), mail, at public meetings and open forums, and in the field at trailheads. The survey and workshop results can be found throughout this document and in the appendices. They form the foundation for the priority recommendations and actions that are at the heart of the Plan. These priority recommendations will be used to develop grant rating criteria and distribute funds from the Arizona Trails Heritage Fund, Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation Fund and the federal Recreational Trails Program.
This Plan includes both motorized and non-motorized trail information, public involvement results and recommendations for future actions regarding trails in Arizona. This Plan, which supercedes the Arizona Trails 2005 Plan, was prepared by Arizona State Parks as required by state legislation (off-highway vehicle recreation plan, A.R.S. § 41-511.04 (20) and trails plan § 41-511.22).
Arizona Trails 2010 Plan ( 15 MB PDF) Final Version, 318 pages.
State Parks has completed the “2008 Update” to the Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan (SCORP), which will serve as Arizona’s outdoor recreation policy plan for the next five years. This SCORP update includes newly-researched chapters on Arizona’s outdoor recreation situation, trends, and influences. Special sections include the benefits of parks and recreation, outdoor recreation and tourism, wildlife-related recreation and reports on trails, off-highway vehicles, boating, and historic preservation.
A large part of the 2008 SCORP Update features the results of a telephone survey of Arizona households and an online survey of Arizona’s parks and recreation providers and land managing agencies conducted in 2006 by Arizona State University. Also included are the current priority outdoor recreation issues for Arizona and the revised grant rating criteria to the Local, Regional and State Parks Heritage Fund and the Land and Water Conservation Fund grant programs.The 2008 SCORP is available for downloading as one document, or in incremental sections. Download and read more in the
BLM, June 2008. Download Phoenix Dust Test Results ( 1.3 MB PDF)
Testing of Dust Suppressants for Water Quality Impacts, Final Report, September 2008, United States EPA. Download Dust Suppressants ( 1.9 MB PDF)
Community and Environment in a Desert Metropolis. Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, December 2007. Download Survey Results ( 1.8 MB PDF)
Download OHV Bill ( 345 KB PDF)
(Andereck, Kathleen L, Vogt, C A, Larkin, K, Freye, K. 2001). A statewide survey of adult AZ residents was conducted in 1998 to identify use patterns and issues related to recreation trails in the state. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration.
by Kathleen L Andereck, PhD; Richard C. Knopf, Ph.D; Randy J Virden, PhD.;
Lisa Machnik; Dave White, Ph.D; Christine A Vogt. PhD. ASU West Dec 2002
Covers preferences of users on BLM and profiles of Resource Management
Zones in relation to OHV.
National Off-Highway Vehicle Conservation Council – Hundreds of Publications
The National Off-Highway Vehicle Conservation Council site lists citations of books, book chapters, project reports, brochures, and journal articles on Off Highway Vehicles (OHV) use and management with abstracts and full text documents for most citations. http://nohvcclibrary.forestry.uga.edu/index.html
Dust Emission By Off-Road Driving: Experiments on 17 Arid Soil Types
Gossens, D., Buck B., 2008. Las Vegas, Nevada. Download Dust Emission Article ( 2.3 MB PDF)
Testing of Dust Suppressants for Water Quality Impacts
EPA, September 2008. Download Dust Suppressants Report ( 1.9 MB PDF)
Off-Highway Motorcycle & ATV Trails Guidelines for Design, Construction, Maintenance and User Satisfaction, 2nd Edition
Wernex, 1993. Download Wernex Report ( 1.2 MB PDF)
Management Guidelines for OHV Recreation
Time-proven strategies for the building and maintenance of environmentally sustainable and quality OHV trail systems. NOHVCC, Crimmins, 2006. Download OHV Guidelines ( 1.2 MB PDF)
Motorcycle Industry Council Stationary Sound Test Manual
The Motorcycle Industry Council (MIC) provides this manual for those interested in the effective and economical enforcement and evaluation of off-highway motorcycles and ATVs in the field. The manual details the entire procedure for implementing the SAE J1287 sound test which is used by most land management agencies throughout the country. The manual also contains sound data and RPM testing levels for a wide variety of off-highway motorcycle and ATV models and years. This list is updated quite frequently with inserts. Visit the MIC website for the latest updates, or call (800) 348-6487 to obtain a copy.
Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation in the United States, Regions and States: A National Report from the National Survey on Recreation and the Environment (NSRE) USFS, June 2008.Download USFS OHV Report ( 573 KB PDF)
CRS Report for Congress. The National Forest System Roadless Areas Initiative September, 2006. Download Roadless Report ( 153 KB PDF)
Erosional impact of hikers, horses, motorcycles, and off-road bicycles on mountain trails in Montana. (JOURNAL) Mountain research and development 14(1) 77-88 Southern Illinois University Carbondale et al, 2003.
Differences Between Motorized and Nonmotorized Trail Users
(Andereck, Kathleen L, Vogt, C A, Larkin, K, Freye, K. 2001). A statewide survey of adult Arizona residents was conducted in 1998 to identify use patterns and issues related to recreation trails in the state. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration.
Agua Fria National Monument/Phoenix North Public Lands Visitor Study
by Kathleen L Andereck, Ph.D.; Richard C. Knopf, Ph.D.; Randy J Virden, Ph.D.; Lisa Machnik; Dave White, Ph.D.; Christine A Vogt, Ph.D. ASU West Dec 2002. Covers preferences of users on BLM and profiles of Resource Management Zones in relation to OHV.